Trace Your Case

Categories
Federalism - History and Typologies

S. R. Bommai v. Union of India, AIR 1994 SC 1918

ISSUE:

Is judicial review possible of the President's Proclamation made in accordance with Article 356 of the Constitution ?

If so, what does judicial review entail in this case?

What does the phrase mean in Art. 356(1)- "A situation has arisen where the Government of the State cannot be carried on in line with the provisions of this Constitution"?

RULE:

Until the Proclamation is accepted by both Houses of Parliament in accordance with clause (3) of the aforementioned article, the President is not permitted to dissolve the State's Legislative Assembly using his authority under Article 356(1). Under subclause (c) of clause (1) of the aforementioned article, he may only have the authority to suspend the Legislative Assembly.

Subscribe to Read More.
Login Join Now
Categories
Federalism - History and Typologies

State of West Bengal v. Union of India, AIR 1963 SC 1241

ISSUE:

Does the Parliament have the power to pass laws that would allow it to purchase land and other assets owned and vested in the State?

Whether or not India's states have sovereign power?

Whether the Act or any of its provisions exceeds the legislative authority of the Parliament?

Whether or not the plaintiff is eligible for relief?

RULE:

Article 131 grants the Supreme Court exclusive and original jurisdiction over any legal disputes that may arise between different states or between states and the Union. The court upholds the fundamental rights that are guaranteed to all Indian citizens, and any infringement on those rights may be brought before the State's High Court directly under Article 226 or the Supreme Court indirectly under Article 32 via writs granted by the Constitution.

Subscribe to Read More.
Login Join Now